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Everybodies Chiropractic  |  Chiropractic Terminology
Everybodies Chiropractic  |  Important Resources Along Your Journey
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Everybodies Chiropractic  |  Chiropractic Terminology
Health:  Health is the level of functional and or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans, it is the general
condition of a person in the mind, body and spirit, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain.  The
World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as a state of complete physical,
mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Healthy Weight:  A healthy weight is one that is right for your body type and height and is based on your body
mass index (BMI) and the size of your hip circumference. A healthy weight is the weight your body naturally settles
into when you consistently eat a nutritious diet, are physically active.
Heat Therapy:  Heat therapy, also known as thermotherapy, is the application of heat to the body for pain relief
and health. This rehabilitative form of therapy is often used in patients who have chronic or long-lasting pain. Heat
therapy can be applied in many ways such as a hot cloth, hot water, ultrasound, heating pad, hydrocollator packs,
whirlpool baths, cordless FIR heat therapy wrap, and many others. While ice therapy is used to reduce swelling,
heat therapy increases the extensibility of collagen tissues; decreases joint stiffness; reduces pain; relieves
muscle spasms; reduces inflammation, edema, and increases blood flow.
Herniated Disc:  Herniations occur when the outer band of the disc breaks or cracks and the gel-like substance
from the inside of the disc leaks out, placing pressure on the spinal canal or nerve roots. In addition, the nucleus
releases a chemical that can cause irritation to the surrounding nerves causing inflammation and pain. Most disc
herniations occur as a result of sudden stress, such as from an accident. Sometimes they occur gradually, over
weeks or even months.
High Blood Pressure:  High blood pressure (HBP) also known as hypertension is a serious condition that can
lead to coronary heart disease (also called coronary artery disease), heart failure, stroke and other health
problems.  Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps
blood. If this pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways.
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL):  HDL is also sometimes called good cholesterol. Lipoproteins are made of fat
and protein. They carry cholesterol, triglycerides, and other fats, called lipids, in the blood from other parts of your
body to your liver. The main function of HDL is to help soak up excess cholesterol from the walls of blood vessels
and carry it to the liver, where it breaks down and is removed from the body in the bile. Studies of both men and
women have shown that the higher the HDL level, the lower the risk of coronary artery disease.
Hinge Joint:  A joint in which a nearly cylindrical head fits into a corresponding socket, but the movement is
restricted to a direction perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder: examples are the elbow, knee, ankle, and finger
joints. Attachments or bony processes prevent a backward dislocation.
Hip Circumference:  A measurement of the hips, including the widest portion of the buttocks, used in conjunction
with the waist circumference, body weight and percent body fat to calculate the body composition score.
Measuring your waist can help you find out how much fat you have stored around your belly.
HMO:  An HMO is a health maintenance organization. It is a kind of health insurance. An HMO offers many kinds of
health care services to its members. In return, members and their employers pay a fixed cost each month for
these services. HMOs are sometimes called health plans or managed care organizations. HMOs also require
members to get approval before the HMO will pay for some services and treatments. This usually means that
members have to get a referral from their primary care doctor or an approval from their HMO. If members get
services without a referral and approval they may have to pay for the service themselves.
Homeostasis: Homeostasis is a state of balance in the body. The balance is maintained through a series of
negative feedback mechanisms. Homeostasis is essentially the body's ability to maintain normal function and
stability.
Homeostasis:  Homeostasis is a state of balance in the body. The balance is maintained through a series of
negative feedback mechanisms. Homeostasis is essentially the body's ability to maintain normal function and
stability.
Hypermobility:  Hypermobility is a condition that features joints that easily move beyond the normal expected.  
Because the joints are capable of excessive motion they are susceptible to injury.
Hypertension:  Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a serious condition that can lead to coronary
heart disease (also called coronary artery disease), heart failure, stroke and other health problems.  Blood
pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure
rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways.
Hypertonicity:  Excessive muscle tone, tension, or activity.  This means the muscle tone is abnormally rigid,
hampering proper movement. This condition is the opposite of hypotonicity.
Hypomobility:  Decreased ability to move a joint of the body.
Hypothalamus:  The main function of the hypothalamus is homeostasis, or maintaining the body's status quo.
Factors such as blood pressure, body temperature, fluid and electrolyte balance, and body weight are held to a
precise value called the set-point. Although this set-point can migrate over time, from day to day it is remarkably
fixed.
Hypotonicity:  This is a condition associated with decreased tension in muscle tone. A lack of muscle tone
inhibits proper movement as the muscle is not developed or is too soft to support the body. This condition is the
opposite of hypertonicity.  
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