Ice Therapy: Ice therapy is also known as cryoptherapy. This therapy involves applying ice to affected painful
areas of the body. This cold treatment is known to alleviate pain and assist with inflammation, reduce the
hypertonicity of muscles, improve joint and muscle function.
Immunity: The body’s resistance to disease or infection. The immune response is how your body recognizes
and defends itself against bacteria, viruses, and substances that appear foreign and harmful.
Innate Intelligence: A term first used by D. D. Palmer that describes the body’s inborn ability to self regulate and
heal itself, unless impaired by subluxation.
Intervertebral Disc: Between each vertebral body is a cushion called an intervertebral disc. Each disc absorbs
the stress and shock the body incurs during movement and prevents the vertebrae from grinding against one
another. Each disc is made up of two parts: the annulus fibrosis and the nucleus pulposus. The intervertebral
discs are the largest structures in the body without a vascular supply. Through movement and osmosis, each
disc absorbs needed nutrients.
Intervertebral Foramina: Also referred to as intervertebral foramen are small openings or holes formed between
each vertebra. These holes provide space for the nerve roots to exit the spinal canal and to further branch out to
form the peripheral nervous system.
ICD-9 Codes: International Classification of Diseases Codes. These codes are used to report the patient’s
diagnosis to insurance companies.
Independent Medical Examination (IME): An IME may be conducted at the request of an employer or an
insurance carrier to obtain an independent opinion of the clinical status of a patient. If the doctor performing the
IME concludes that a patient’s medical condition is not related to a compensatable event, the insurer may then
deny the claim and refuse payment.
Impairment: A reduction or loss of normal ability or function.
Inferior: Anatomically this refers to lower in place or position or closer to the bottom or base.
Inflammation: Inflammation or the inflammatory response occurs when tissues are injured by bacteria, trauma,
toxins, heat, or any other cause. As a result chemicals from the body’s white blood cells are released into the
blood or affected tissues in an attempt to rid the body of foreign substances. This release of chemicals increases
the blood flow to the area and may result in redness and warmth. Some of the chemicals cause leakage of fluid
into the tissues and joints, resulting in swelling. The inflammatory process may stimulate nerves and cause pain.
The increased number of cells and inflammatory substances within the joint may cause overall joint irritation,
wearing down of cartilage and irritation and swelling of the joint lining.
Initial Intensive Care: This pain based care, also known as relief care is usually associated with providing
immediate relief from some type of trauma, injury or other chief complaint. Chiropractic can provide immediate
effective pain based solutions to your everyday lumps, bumps, and bruises. After the pain is gone you can then
decide if you want to feel even better.
Insurance: Health insurance is insurance against the risk of incurring medical expenses among individuals. An
individual pays a premium to an insurance provider to take the risk of unknown future health care expenses.
Ice Massage: This form of massage therapy involves the application of ice to injured areas of the body. The ice is
regularly repositioned in a circular motion. This cold treatment is known to alleviate pain and assist with
inflammation, reduce the hypertonicity of muscles, improve joint and muscle function.
Interference: This refers to the condition where Improper spinal positioning or motion places pressure on the
spinal cord and the spinal nerves that transmit signals to the entire body. When you have improper or decreased
nervous transmission dysfunction is inevitable. A chiropractic adjustment is one of the only methods of returning
the vertebrae to its normal position where there is no interruption in the nervous system. Chiropractors are the
only health profession that preserve and promote the delicate relationship between spinal and nervous system
Instrument Adjustment: A spring loaded hand held instrument used by some chiropractors. This instrument
utilizes a rapid pulse to tap the misaligned vertebrae back into place to restore normal spinal function. This
device is commonly referred to as an activator.
Interferential Current (IFC): A form of electrical stimulation designed to reduce swelling and inflammation and
provide palliative relief. The high frequency impulses penetrate deep into the tissues at the center of pain.
Ideal Body Weight: A healthy weight is one that is right for your body type and height and is based on your body
mass index (BMI) and the size of your hip circumference. A healthy weight is the weight your body naturally settles
into when you consistently eat a nutritious diet, are physically active.
Imagery: Imagery is also referred to as guided imagery and can prove to be a simple tool which can empower
you to become a participant in your own healing. It involves the conscious use of your imagination to create
positive images in order to bring about healthful changes. Imagery teaches you to use your imagination to reduce
stress, relieve pain, and stimulate healing responses in your body. Research has shown that stress and tension
can increase pain levels; learning to relax the body and mind can help you manage your pain and use the
mind-body connection to improve your health. Soothing, uplifting images can actually slow your pulse and
breathing and lower your blood pressure, as well as help trigger the release of hormones such as endorphins,
which make you feel good and nurture your body's restorative powers.
Insulin: Insulin is a hormone responsible for regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin
causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that leads to abdominal pain and
cramping, changes in bowel movements, and other symptoms. IBS can occur at any age, but it often begins in
the teen years or early adulthood. It is twice as common in women as in men.