Manipulation: A manipulation is referred to as an adjustment in the chiropractic profession. An adjustment is a
gentle force introduced into the spine, typically by hand with the intent of releasing a vertebral segment from its
abnormal motion and/or position.
Maintenance Care: Maintenance care is also known as wellness care. This type of chiropractic care goes
beyond just spinal correction. Choosing wellness care and utilizing ongoing chiropractic care not only maintains
your current stable state but can lead to even greater levels of health and performance.
Migraine: A migraine is a common type of severe headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea,
vomiting, or sensitivity to light. In many people, a throbbing pain is felt only on one side of the head. Most experts
believe the migraine attack begins in the brain, and involves various nerve pathways and chemicals. The
changes then restrict blood flow in the brain and surrounding tissues.
Meric System: This system is based off the knowledge that the spinal nerves innervate the organs of the body.
Through the autonomic nervous system these nerves control the functions of those organs. In the Meric system,
certain joints of the spine are designated as the guardians of certain organs, visceral areas, and body structures.
Mixer: A chiropractor that performs spinal adjustments and mixes into the treatment protocol therapeutic
modalities. This is opposite of a straight chiropractor that reduces the affects of vertebral subluxation by
performing spinal adjustments only.
Mobilization: Method of manipulation, movement or stretching to increase range of motion in muscles and joints
without performing a chiropractic adjustment.
Modalities: Many chiropractors use a variety of physical therapy modalities to help treat their patients before or
after a chiropractic adjustment. There are a variety of treatment modalities that can help strengthen, relax, and
heal muscles. Modalities used may include hot or cold therapies, ultrasound, muscle stimulation, massage.
Motion Palpation: The primary method chiropractors use to locate fixations and loss of mobility in the spine. By
feeling the motion of specific spinal segments as the patient moves abnormal motion and position can be quickly
Musculoskeletal: Musculoskeletal is a general term which is defined as relating to muscles and the skeleton.
Thus, the musculoskeletal system involves the muscles, bones, joints, bursa, ligaments, and tendons.
Managed Care: This is a type of insurance that limits the patient’s choices when making health care decisions.
These policies impose controls on the utilization of the type of health care services received and the specific
providers that can offer an individual care.
Massage: Massage is the kneading of superficial and deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue to aid in
the healing process, and promotes relaxation and well-being.
Maximum Medical Improvement (MMI): Maximum Medical Improvement is when your condition is not expected
to improve significantly. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you are well, or totally fine. You may still have
remaining impairments from your injury. It just means that your doctor doesn’t expect any further improvement at
this point. It can also refer a point to a pre incident or accident state, usually ending an insurance company’s
obligation to pay for continued treatment.
Medicare: Medicare is a federal health insurance program administered by the United States government.
Medicare provides insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over, permanently disabled, and to certain
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI is a way of getting pictures of various parts of your body without the use
of x-rays. A MRI scanner consists of a large and very strong magnet. These strong magnets along with radio
waves are used to create an image of the internal structures of the body. This is the most useful technique in the
investigation of spinal abnormalities.
Massage Therapy: A term used to describe various bodywork techniques.
Maximum Heart Rate: Maximum heart rate is the highest number of times your heart can contract in one minute.
This is the most useful tool to be used in determining training intensities, because it can be individually
measured or predicted.
Meditation: A self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind.
Metabolism: The processes that the inner workings of the body perform to turn ingested food into energy the
body can use.
Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity: To be classified as moderate-intensity, physical activity generally requires
sustained, rhythmic movements of an intense enough level to elevate heart rate to 50% - 70% of maximum heart
Monounsaturated Fat: There are three types of fat in the foods we eat. They are monounsaturated,
polyunsaturated, and saturated fatty acids. Monounsaturated fat is a healthy fat found in canola oil, olives and
olive oil, nuts, seeds, and avocados. Eating food that has more monounsaturated fat instead of saturated fat may
help lower cholesterol and reduce heart disease risk. The caloric content is no different so it may still contribute
to weight gain if eaten in excess.
Muscle Tension: A state where the muscles are hypertonic. They have a rigid feel and are in a general state of
Muscle Spasm: A muscle spasm is an involuntary contraction of a muscle, and is frequently painful.
Muscles: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power and movement. There
are three types of muscle in the body. Muscle which is responsible for moving extremities and external areas of
the body is called skeletal muscle. Heart muscle is called cardiac muscle. Muscle that is in the walls of arteries
and bowel is called smooth muscle.
Myofascial Pain: Myofascial pain is a chronic local or regional musculoskeletal pain disorder that may involve
either a single muscle or a muscle group. The pain may be of a burning, stabbing, aching or nagging quality.
Importantly, where the patient experiences the pain may not be where the pain generator is located. This is
known as referred pain. The referred pain caused by trigger points, or hard nodules in muscle tissue.
Myofascial Release: Myofascial release is a type of soft tissue massage which incorporates stretching and
massage of the connective tissues, or fascia. Myofascial release operates on the principle that many people
hold stress in their muscles, which causes the muscles to seize or lock. This is exacerbated by muscle injury
and scarring. Myofascial release aims to access these areas of blockage and tension to release them, thereby
freeing up the muscle and allowing it to move more easily and effectively.