Thoracic Vertebrae: The middle twelve vertebral bones of the spinal column that reside between the cervical
and the lumbar spinal regions.
Thoracic Spine: The thoracic spine is the area in the upper middle of the spine that contains twelve vertebrae
known as the thoracic vertebrae. The size of the vertebrae increases down the back, with the lower thoracic spine
being wider than the upper thoracic spine. This area of the spine performs a number of important functions in the
body. The thoracic spine provides points of articulation for the ribs. The thoracic spine, ribs and sternum create a
solid cage that protects the contents of the chest.
Thermography: Thermography devices portray heat emission from body surfaces as images that the practitioner
interprets. The images may be in color or in black and white, and may be accompanied by displays of various
calculations. Each color or shade represents a specific temperature level.
Treatment: Usually associated with a treatment plan or frequency. Treatment consists of the performance of the
chiropractic adjustment and may include additional therapeutic modalities.
Technique: There are more than one hundred chiropractic techniques. A technique is a specific procedure,
method, device, maneuver or any combination of the above that a chiropractor uses to correct spinal problems.
Therapy: Additional modalities or methods used to assist in the relief of pain, rehabilitation, and restoration of
normal body functions. Modalities used may include hot or cold therapies, ultrasound, muscle stimulation,
Third-Party Payer: Any group or organization that pays for all or a portion your health care services on your behalf
such as an insurance company, HMO, PPO or the government.
Traction: The act of drawing or exerting a long axis pulling force. Decompression is the goal any traction
Transverse Process: The transverse process is a bony structure that protrudes from each side of the vertebrae.
There are two transverse processes connected to each vertebrae of the spine. These processes are responsible
for attaching muscles and ligaments to the spinal column serving as levers for movement and stability.
Trigger Point: An involuntarily tight band of localized muscle that is painful when pressed. Trigger points can
cause referred pain to other parts and areas of the body.
Tendon: Tendons or sinews, attach muscle to bone. The composition of tendons is much like gelatin, but harder
and not as elastic. Tendons grow into the bone and form a tough mineralized connection. This connection
creates a permanent bond that is extremely tough to break. Despite their incredible strength, tendons can be
damaged if overstrained or improperly cared for.
Tennis Elbow: Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a painful condition that affects the outside or lateral side
of the elbow and can cause pain even when gripping or carrying a very light object like a coffee cup. It is usually
caused by the overuse of the wrist extensor muscles, which leads to the inflammation of the tendon attachment.
Therapeutic Massage: Massage is the kneading of superficial and deeper layers of muscle and connective
tissue to aid in the healing process, and promotes relaxation and well-being. Therapeutic massage can improve
mobility, reduce spasm and tension and decrease pain.
Thyroid Hormone: Hormones released by the thyroid gland that regulate metabolism and help many other
biochemical processes in the body.
Tolerance: A decrease in the response to a drug or substance due to previous exposure.
Tranquilizer: Tranquilizers are drugs used to treat anxiety or problems with sleep. They have a calming effect by
depressing the nervous system in a way similar to alcohol. Tranquilizers are among the most commonly
prescribed psychiatric medications. The FDA estimates that over 60 million people receive prescriptions for
tranquilizers every year.
Trigger Point Therapy: Trigger point therapy is a type of massage therapy that addresses stabbing muscle
pains which can occur at various points in the body called trigger points. Trigger point therapy is related to
myofascial release. Trigger point therapy often has positive benefits for sufferers from chronic pain, because the
therapy aims to eliminate painful areas, rather than treating surface tension or inflammation. This therapy is
performed by applying pressure to tender trigger points in the muscles to relieve pain and tension.
Thoracalgia: Pain in the thoracic spine. Pain present in the middle and upper back.